Pambarasih tangan

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Palangan awam cacahar pambarasih tangan.

Pambarasih tangan (basa Inggris: hand sanitizer) adalah cacahar nang awamnya dipakai gasan mangurangi patogen di tangan.[1] Pamakaian pambarasih tangan lawan alkuhul labih dikatujui daripada babasuh tangan mamakai sabun wan banyu di bamamacam kaadaan di tampat palayanan kawigasan.[2][3] Pambarasih tangan rancaknya tamanjur mambunuh urganisma halus wan labih ditarima ulih tangan dibandingakan sabun wan banyu.[4] Walau kaitu, babasuh tangan musti tatap digawi lamun parigatan kawa tajanak atawa imbah mamakai jamban.[5] Pambarasih tangan lawan lain alkuhul kada dianjurakan gasan dipakai sacara awam.[2] Di luar tampat layanan kawigasan, kamanjuran pamakai pambarasih tangan jadi pangganti basuh tangan kada didukung ulih bukti nang baik.[6][7] Pambarasih tangan tasadia dalam bantuk cacahar wan busa.[4]

Pambarasih tangan lawan alkuhul rancaknya manian sapalih kambuhan isopropil alkuhul, etanol (etil alkuhul), atawa n-propanol.[4] Tianan alkuhul 60 sampai 95% tabukti paling manjur.[4] Tagal, pamakaiannya musti bahati-hati marga kawa tasalukut.[2] Pambarasih tangan lawan alkuhul manjur malawan bamamacam urganisma halus, tagal kada gasan spora.[4] Sapalih janis pambarasih tangan manian sanyawa kaya gliserol gasan mancagah kulimbit karing.[4] Janis lain alkuhul kawa manian benzalkonium klorida atawa triklosan.[8][9]

Alkuhul sudah dipakai jadi antisiptik paling kada wayah pamulaan tahun 1363 lawan bukti pamakaiannya wayah warih 1800-an.[10] Pambarasih tangan lawan alkuhul sudah awam dipakai di Irupa matan tahun 1980-an.[11] Pambarasih tangan lawan alkuhul diandak dalam Daptar Tatamba Mandasar Urganisasi Kawigasan Dunia (WHO), wan marupakan tatambaan paamannya wan pmanjurnya nang diparluakan dalam sistim kawigasan.[12] Haraga iciran di nagara bakambang bakisar kikira US $ 1,40-3,70 par litar palangan.[5][13]

Pamakaian[babak | babak asal mulanya]

Masarakat awam[babak | babak asal mulanya]

Gerakan Masyarakat Hidup Sehat (Germas) nang digalakakan ulih Kamantrian Kawigasan Ripublik Indunisia, mambari papadah pasal babasuh tangan. Pambarasih tangan lawan alkuhul dipadahakan wastu lamun kadada banyu wan sabun.[14]

Wayah mamakai pambarasih tangan lawan alkuhul:

  1. Tuang pambarasih di sasabuting talapak tangan.
  2. Gusuk kadua tangan.
  3. Gusukakan pambarasih tangan di sabarataan pammukaan tangan wan jariji sampai mangaring.[15]
Pambarasih tangan utumatis.

Jujuhutan[babak | babak asal mulanya]

  1. ^ "hand sanitizer - definition of hand sanitizer in English | Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries | English. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 18 September 2017. Diakses tanggal 12 Juli 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Bolon, MK (September 2016). "Hand Hygiene: An Update". Infectious Disease Clinics of North America. 30 (3): 591–607. doi:10.1016/j.idc.2016.04.007. PMID 27515139. In 2002, the CDC released an updated hand hygiene guideline and, for the first time, endorsed the use of alcohol-based hand rubs for the majority of clinical interactions, provided that hands are not visibly soiled 
  3. ^ Hirose, R; Nakaya, T; Naito, Y; Daidoji, T; Bandou, R; Inoue, K; Dohi, O; Yoshida, N; Konishi, H; Itoh, Y (18 September 2019). "Situations Leading to Reduced Effectiveness of Current Hand Hygiene against Infectious Mucus from Influenza Virus-Infected Patients". mSphere. 4 (5). doi:10.1128/mSphere.00474-19. PMID 31533996. Marga bamamacam alasan, pambarasih tangan alkuhul sasain banyak dipakai jadi diskuman daripada babasuh tangan lawan sabun wan banyu. Nyaman didapati, kada parlu banyu atawa handil pipa, wan kamanjurannya nang tabukti dalam mangurangi jumlah kuman halus adalah babarapa panyababnya. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Boyce JM, Pittet D, Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee, HICPAC/SHEA/APIC/IDSA Hand Hygiene Task Force (October 2002). "Guideline for Hand Hygiene in Health-Care Settings. Recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee and the HICPAC/SHEA/APIC/IDSA Hand Hygiene Task Force. Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America/Association for Professionals in Infection Control/Infectious Diseases Society of America" (PDF). MMWR. Recommendations and Reports. 51 (RR-16): 1–45, quiz CE1–4. PMID 12418624. 
  5. ^ a b World Health Organization (2015). The selection and use of essential medicines. Twentieth report of the WHO Expert Committee 2015 (including 19th WHO Model List of Essential Medicines and 5th WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children). Geneva: World Health Organization. hdl:10665/189763. ISBN 9789240694941. ISSN 0512-3054. WHO technical report series ; no. 994. 
  6. ^ de Witt Huberts, J; Greenland, K; Schmidt, WP; Curtis, V (1 July 2016). "Exploring the potential of antimicrobial hand hygiene products in reducing the infectious burden in low-income countries: An integrative review". American Journal of Infection Control. 44 (7): 764–71. doi:10.1016/j.ajic.2016.01.045. PMID 27061254. 
  7. ^ Meadows, E; Le Saux, N (1 November 2004). "A systematic review of the effectiveness of antimicrobial rinse-free hand sanitizers for prevention of illness-related absenteeism in elementary school children". BMC Public Health. 4: 50. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-4-50. PMC 534108alt=Dapat diakses gratis. PMID 15518593. 
  8. ^ Long, Bruce W.; Rollins, Jeannean Hall; Smith, Barbara J. (2015). Merrill's Atlas of Radiographic Positioning and Procedures (dalam bahasa Inggris) (edisi ke-13). Elsevier Health Sciences. hlm. 16. ISBN 9780323319652. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2017-09-18. 
  9. ^ Baki, Gabriella; Alexander, Kenneth S. (2015). Introduction to Cosmetic Formulation and Technology (dalam bahasa Inggris). John Wiley & Sons. hlm. 173. ISBN 9781118763780. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2017-09-18. 
  10. ^ Block, Seymour Stanton (2001). Disinfection, Sterilization, and Preservation. Soil Science (dalam bahasa Inggris). 124. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. hlm. 14. Bibcode:1977SoilS.124..378B. doi:10.1097/00010694-197712000-00013. ISBN 9780683307405. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2017-09-18. 
  11. ^ Miller, Chris H.; Palenik, Charles John (2016). Infection Control and Management of Hazardous Materials for the Dental Team (dalam bahasa Inggris) (edisi ke-5). Elsevier Health Sciences. hlm. 269. ISBN 9780323476577. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2017-09-18. 
  12. ^ World Health Organization (2019). World Health Organization model list of essential medicines: 21st list 2019. Geneva: World Health Organization. hdl:10665/325771. WHO/MVP/EMP/IAU/2019.06. License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. 
  13. ^ "Alcohol, isopropyl". International Drug Price Indicator Guide. Diakses tanggal 8 December 2016. 
  14. ^ Citakan:Cite
  15. ^ "Clean Hands Save Lives!". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. December 11, 2013. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal August 18, 2017.