Basa Elam

Tumatan Wikipidia basa Banjar, insiklupidia bibas
Malacung ka napigasi, gagai
Elam
Dituturakan di Elam
Banua Timur Tangah
Jumlah pamandir
Rumpun basa Balum diklasifikasi, kemungkinan isulat
Kode-kode basa
ISO 639-1 Kadada
ISO 639-2 elx
ISO 639-3 elx

Elam yéto sabuting basa nang dipanderakan ulih paradaban Elam kuno. Basa nang sudah punah ngini dipandirakan di wilayah Iran matan tahun 2800 sampai 550 SM. Catatan tarakhir dalam basa Elam baasal matan masa panaklukan Persia ulih Alexander Agung. Basa Elam kada baisi dangsanak, pas ai rajin disambat basa isulat. Karana kadada dangsanak, prusés panafsiran wan panarjamahan basa ngini takana ngalih.[1]

Sistém panulisan[babak | sunting sumber]

Kuneiform Elam, nang didasarakan matan kuneiform Akkadia, dipakai matan tahun 2500 sampai 331 SM. Kuneiform Elam yéto aksara silabis lawan 130 glif, wan baisi babarapa logogram matan Akkadia, maskipun sairing barjalannya waktu jumlah logogram maningkat.

Sajarah[babak | sunting sumber]

Sajarah basa Elam dikatéguriakan sabagai barikut:

  • Elam Lawas (c. 2600–1500 SM)
  • Elam Partengahan (c. 1500–1000 SM)
  • Neo-Elam (1000–550 SM)
  • Elam Akhemeniyah (550–330 SM)

Catatan kaki[babak | sunting sumber]

Bibliugrafi[babak | sunting sumber]

  • Stolper, Matthew W. 2008. Elamite. In Woodard, Roger D. (ed.) The Ancient Languages of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Aksum. P.60–95.
  • Khačikjan, Margaret: The Elamite Language, Documenta Asiana IV, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Istituto per gli Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici, 1998 ISBN 88-87345-01-5
  • Paper H. (1955). The phonology and morphology of Royal Achaemenid Elamite. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
  • Potts, Daniel T.: The archaeology of Elam: formation and transformation of an ancient Iranian state, Cambridge U., 1999 ISBN 0-521-56496-4and ISBN 0-521-56358-5
  • Starostin, George: On the genetic affiliation of the Elamite language in Mother Tongue (ISSN: 1087-0326), vol. VII, 2002, pp. 147–17
  • Blench,Roger(2006). Archaeology, Language, and the African Past. Rowman Altamira. ISBN 978-0-7591-0466-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=esFy3Po57A8C. Diakses pada 30 June 2013. 

Pranala luar[babak | sunting sumber]