Taliban: Pabidaan ralatan

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(Ma-ulah tungkaran nang isinya '''''Garakan Taliban''', rancak jua disambat lawan ngaran '''Taliban''' wara atawa '''Taleban''' (basa Persia wan Pashtun طالبان;<ref>{{Cite web|date=2013-06-23|title=طالب کی است و چه می‌خواهد؟|url=https://8am.af/who-is-talib-wants/|website=هشت صبح|language=fa-IR|access-date=2021-08-21}}</ref> matan bantuk jamak bahasa Arab: طالب ṭālib, "murid"), bubuhan anggutanya manyam...'')
 
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{{Infobox war faction
|name = Taliban
|native_name = طالبان (ṭālibān)
|native_name_lang = ps
|war = {{plainlist|
* [[Perang di Afghanistan (1978–sekarang)|Perang di Afghanistan]]
* [[Perang Melawan Teror]]}}
|image = [[Berkas:Flag of Taliban.svg|tepi|260px]]
|caption = Bendera Taliban menampilkan [[syahadat]]
|founders = {{plainlist|
* [[Mohammed Omar]] [[Kematian karena sebab alami|#]]
* [[Abdul Ghani Baradar]]
}}
|leaders = {{plainlist|
* [[Mohammed Omar]] [[Kematian karena sebab alami|#]] (1994–2013)
* [[Akhtar Mansour]]{{KIA}} (2015–2016)
* [[Hibatullah Akhundzada]] (2016–sekarang)
}}
|allegiance = {{flagicon image|Flag of Taliban.svg|size=23px}} [[Keamiran Islam Afganistan]]
|clans =Kebanyakan [[Pashtun]];<ref name="Giustozzi">{{cite book|last=Giustozzi|first=Antonio|title=Decoding the new Taliban: insights from the Afghan field|year=2009|publisher=Columbia University Press|isbn=978-0-231-70112-9|page=[https://archive.org/details/decodingnewtalib00anto/page/249 249]|url=https://archive.org/details/decodingnewtalib00anto/page/249}}</ref><ref name="Clements0">{{cite book|last=Clements|first=Frank A.|title=Conflict in Afghanistan: An Encyclopedia (Roots of Modern Conflict)|url=https://archive.org/details/conflictafghanis00clem_866|year=2003|publisher=ABC-CLIO|isbn=978-1-85109-402-8|page=[https://archive.org/details/conflictafghanis00clem_866/page/n257 219]}}</ref> minoritas [[Tajik]], [[Turkmen]], dan [[Uzbek]]<ref>{{Cite web|last=Bezhan|first=Frud|title=Ethnic Minorities Are Fueling the Taliban's Expansion in Afghanistan|url=https://foreignpolicy.com/2016/06/15/ethnic-minorities-are-fueling-the-talibans-expansion-in-afghanistan/|access-date=2021-08-26|website=Foreign Policy|language=en-US}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.afghanistan-analysts.org/the-non-pashtun-taleban-of-the-north-a-case-study-from-badakhshan/|title=The Non-Pashtun Taleban of the North: A case study from Badakhshan – Afghanistan Analysts Network|website=www.Afghanistan-Analysts.org|date=3 January 2017|access-date=21 January 2018}}</ref>
|ideology = {{ubl|class=nowrap|
|[[Jihadisme]]<ref>{{Cite web |last=Bowman, Bradley and McMaster, H.R. |date=15 August 2021 |title=In Afghanistan, the Tragic Toll of Washington Delusion |url=https://www.wsj.com/articles/afghanistan-withdrawal-biden-human-rights-terrorist-jihadist-islamist-taliban-kabul-11629044191 |website=[[The Wall Street Journal]] |quote=The Taliban militants display the jihadist group's flag after taking control of Jalalabad, Afghanistan, Aug. 15. |accessdate=17 August 2021}}</ref>
|[[Fundamentalisme Islam]]<ref name="auto1">{{Cite journal |last=Whine |first=Michael |date=1 September 2001 |title=Islamism and Totalitarianism: Similarities and Differences |journal=Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions |volume=2 |issue=2 |pages=54–72 |doi=10.1080/714005450 |s2cid=146940668}}</ref><ref name="auto2">Deobandi Islam: The Religion of the Taliban U. S. Navy Chaplain Corps, 15 October 2001</ref><ref name="Maley2-14">{{Cite book |last=Maley |first=William |title=Fundamentalism Reborn? Afghanistan and the Taliban |publisher=C Hurst & Co |year=2001 |isbn=978-1-85065-360-8 |page=14}}</ref><ref name=Stanford/><ref name="Turbulent">{{Cite book |last=Ogata |first=Sadako N. |url=https://archive.org/details/turbulentdecade00sada |title=The Turbulent Decade: Confronting the Refugee Crises of the 1990s |date=2005 |publisher=W. W. Norton & Company |isbn=978-0-393-05773-7 |page=[https://archive.org/details/turbulentdecade00sada/page/286 286] |url-access=registration}}</ref><ref name="Melissa">{{Cite news |last=McNamara |first=Melissa |date=31 August 2006 |title=The Taliban In Afghanistan |publisher=CBS |url=http://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-taliban-in-afghanistan/ |access-date=5 June 2016}}</ref>
|[[Islamisme]] [[Deobandi]]<ref name="digitaljournal.com">{{Cite web |date=1 April 2013 |title=Did you know that there are two different Taliban groups? |url=http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/347009 |website=digitaljournal.com}}</ref><ref name="auto2" /><ref name="Maley2-14" /><ref>{{Cite web |title=Taliban - Oxford Islamic Studies Online |url=http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/print/opr/t236/e0895 |website=oxfordislamicstudies.com}}</ref>
|[[Nasionalisme agama]]<ref name="auto">{{Cite web |title=Afghan Taliban |url=http://www.nctc.gov/site/groups/taliban.html |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150509205345/http://www.nctc.gov/site/groups/taliban.html |archive-date=9 May 2015 |access-date=7 April 2015 |website=National Counterterrorism Center}}</ref>
|[[Pashtunwali]]<ref name="digitaljournal.com" /><ref>Rashid, ''Taliban'' (2000)</ref><ref>{{Cite web |date=19 October 2010 |title=Why are Customary Pashtun Laws and Ethics Causes for Concern? &#124; Center for Strategic and International Studies |url=http://csis.org/blog/why-are-customary-pashtun-laws-and-ethics-causes-concern |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20101109110349/http://csis.org/blog/why-are-customary-pashtun-laws-and-ethics-causes-concern |archive-date=9 November 2010 |access-date=18 August 2014 |publisher=Csis.org}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web |date=30 November 2013 |title=Understanding taliban through the prism of Pashtunwali code |url=http://www.cf2r.org/fr/tribune-libre/understanding-taliban-through-the-prism-of-pashtunwali-code.php |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140810020924/http://www.cf2r.org/fr/tribune-libre/understanding-taliban-through-the-prism-of-pashtunwali-code.php |archive-date=10 August 2014 |access-date=18 August 2014 |publisher=CF2R}}</ref>}}
|area = [[File:Panjshir conflict.png|230px]]<div style="text-align: left;">
{{legend|#d7efd7|Di bawah kendali Taliban}}</div>
{{legend|#a9a8e3|Di bawah kendali [[Perlawanan Panjshir]]}}
|size = Kekuatan inti -{{plainlist|
* 45.000 (perk. 2001)<ref>{{Cite web |title=Taliban and the Northern Alliance |url=http://usgovinfo.about.com/library/weekly/aa092801a.htm |access-date=26 November 2009 |website=US Gov Info |publisher=About.com}}</ref>
* 11.000 (perk. 2008)<ref>[http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2008/09/10/52244/911-seven-years-later-us-safe.html 9/11 seven years later: US 'safe,' South Asia in turmoil] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150110234907/http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2008/09/10/52244/911-seven-years-later-us-safe.html |date=10 January 2015 }}. Retrieved 24 August 2010.</ref>
* 36.000 (perk. 2010)<ref>{{Cite news |last=Hamilton |first=Fiona |last2=Coates |first2=Sam |last3=Savage |first3=Michael |date=3 March 2010 |title=MajorGeneral Richard Barrons puts Taleban fighter numbers at 36000 |work=The Times |location=London |url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/afghanistan/article7047321.ece}}</ref>
* 60.000 (perk. 2014)<ref>{{Cite web |title=Despite Massive Taliban Death Toll No Drop in Insurgency |url=http://www.voanews.com/content/despite-massive-taliban-death-toll-no-drop-in-insurgency/1866009.html |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160703023519/http://www.voanews.com/content/despite-massive-taliban-death-toll-no-drop-in-insurgency/1866009.html |archive-date=3 July 2016 |access-date=17 July 2014 |publisher=Voice of America }}</ref>
* 60.000<ref name="2021number">{{Cite web |date=14 January 2021 |title=Afghanistan's Security Forces Versus the Taliban: A Net Assessment |url=https://ctc.usma.edu/afghanistans-security-forces-versus-the-taliban-a-net-assessment/ |access-date=14 August 2021 |website=Combating Terrorism Center at West Point}}</ref> (perk. 2017 tidak termasuk 90.000 milisi lokal dan 50.000 elemen pendukung)
* 75.000 (perk. 2021)<ref>{{Cite web |date=8 July 2021 |title=Remarks by President Biden on the Drawdown of U.S. Forces in Afghanistan |url=https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/speeches-remarks/2021/07/08/remarks-by-president-biden-on-the-drawdown-of-u-s-forces-in-afghanistan/ |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210708214308/https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/speeches-remarks/2021/07/08/remarks-by-president-biden-on-the-drawdown-of-u-s-forces-in-afghanistan/ |archive-date=8 July 2021 |access-date=17 August 2021 |website=The White House}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web |date=14 August 2021 |title=Taliban Sweep in Afghanistan Follows Years of U.S. Miscalculations |url=https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/14/us/politics/afghanistan-biden.html |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210817131719/https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/14/us/politics/afghanistan-biden.html |archive-date=17 August 2021 |access-date=17 August 2021 |website=The New York Times}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web |date=16 August 2021 |title=Taliban's Afghanistan takeover raises big questions for U.S. security chiefs |url=https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/taliban-s-afghanistan-takeover-raises-big-questions-u-s-security-n1276911 |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210901043600/https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/taliban-s-afghanistan-takeover-raises-big-questions-u-s-security-n1276911 |archive-date=2021-09-01 |access-date=17 August 2021 |publisher=NBC News |dead-url=yes }}</ref>}}
|active = 1994–1996 ([[milisi]])<br />1996–2001 ([[Keamiran Islam Afganistan (1996–2001)|pemerintahan pertama]])<br />2002–2021 ([[pemberontak]]) <br />2021–sekarang (pemerintahan kedua)
|headquarters =[[Kandahar]], [[Afganistan]] (1994–2001)
|area = [[Afganistan]] dan [[Pakistan]]<ref name="PakistanTaliban">Pajhwok Afghan News, [http://www.pajhwok.com/viewstory.asp?lng=eng&id=36208 Taliban have opened office in Waziristan (Pakistan)].</ref>
|strength = 45,000 (2001 est.)<ref>{{cite web|url=http://usgovinfo.about.com/library/weekly/aa092801a.htm|title=Taliban and the Northern Alliance|publisher=Usgovinfo.about.com|date=|accessdate=2009-11-26}}</ref><br />11,000 (2008 est.)<ref>[http://news.yahoo.com/s/mcclatchy/20080910/wl_mcclatchy/3041862 9/11 seven years later: U.S. 'safe,' South Asia in turmoil] ''"There are now some 62,000 foreign soldiers in Afganistan , including 34,000 U.S. troops, and some 150,000 Afghan security forces. '''They face an estimated 7,000 to 11,000 insurgents''', according to U.S. commanders."''</ref><br /> 36,000 (2010 est.)<ref>{{cite news|url = http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/afghanistan/article7047321.ece|location=London|work=The Times|title=MajorGeneral Richard Barrons puts Taleban fighter numbers at 36000|date=2010-03-03|first1=Fiona|last1=Hamilton|first2=Sam|last2=Coates|first3=Michael|last3=Savage}}</ref>
|previous = Murid dari [[Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam]]
|allies ='''Negara Sekutu''' {{plainlist|
* {{flag|Pakistan}} (sampai 2001, tertuduh saat ini, ditolak)<ref>{{cite web|url=http://web.stanford.edu/group/mappingmilitants/cgi-bin/groups/view/367|title=The Taliban – Mapping Militant Organizations|website=web.stanford.edu|access-date=20 February 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|work=[[New York Times]]|title=Taliban Leader Feared Pakistan Before He Was Killed
|date=9 August 2017|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/09/world/asia/taliban-leader-feared-pakistan-before-he-was-killed.html}}</ref>
* {{flag|Qatar}} (tertuduh)<ref>{{cite web|title=Qatar's Dirty Hands|url=http://www.nationalreview.com/article/450093/qatar-supports-islamists-threatens-american-middle-east-allies|date=3 August 2017|work=[[National Review]]}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|work=[[Pajhwok Afghan News]]|date=7 August 2017|url=https://www.pajhwok.com/en/2017/08/07/saudi-has-evidence-qatar-supports-taliban-envoy|title=Saudi has evidence Qatar supports Taliban: Envoy}}</ref><ref name="Scroll"/>
* {{flag|Iran}} (tertuduh)<ref>{{cite news|work=[[Middle East Institute]]|title=Iranian Support for Taliban Alarms Afghan Officials|date=9 January 2017|url=https://www.mei.edu/publications/iranian-support-taliban-alarms-afghan-officials|quote=Both Tehran and the Taliban denied cooperation during the first decade after the US intervention, but the unholy alliance is no longer a secret and the two sides now unapologetically admit and publicize it.}}</ref><ref name="mansouriran">{{Cite web|last=Kugelman|first=Michael|title=What Was Mullah Mansour Doing in Iran?|url=https://foreignpolicy.com/2016/05/27/mullah-mansour-iran-afghanistan-taliban-drone/|url-status=live|website=foreignpolicy.com}}</ref><ref>{{cite web| title =Iran Backs Taliban With Cash and Arms| url =https://www.wsj.com/articles/iran-backs-taliban-with-cash-and-arms-1434065528| website = The Wall Street Journal | date = 11 June 2015| access-date = 13 June 2015}}</ref>
* {{flag|Cina}} (tertuduh)<ref>{{cite web|url=https://foreignpolicy.com/2015/08/03/chinas-man-in-the-taliban-mullah-omar/ |title=China's Man in the Taliban |last=Small |first=Andrew |date=23 August 2015 |work=[[Foreign Policy]] Argument |access-date=26 July 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6975934.stm |title=Taleban 'getting Chinese arms' |last=Danahar |first=Paul |date=3 September 2007 |work=[[BBC]] |access-date=26 July 2019}}</ref>
* {{flag|Rusia}} (tertuduh oleh Amerika Serikat, Rusia menolak keterlibatan dengan Taliban)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-41842285|title=Is Russia arming the Afghan Taliban?|work=BBC News|date=April 2018}}</ref>
* {{flag|Arab Saudi}} (tertuduh sampai 2013)<ref>{{cite web|url=https://thediplomat.com/2017/09/whats-behind-saudi-arabias-turn-away-from-the-taliban/|title=What's Behind Saudi Arabia's Turn Away From the Taliban?|first=Samuel Ramani, The|last=Diplomat|website=The Diplomat}}</ref><ref name="Scroll">{{cite web|url=https://scroll.in/article/862284/why-did-saudi-arabia-and-qatar-allies-of-the-us-continue-to-fund-the-taliban-after-the-2001-war|title=Why did Saudi Arabia and Qatar, allies of the US, continue to fund the Taliban after the 2001 war?|work=scroll.in|access-date=19 April 2018}}</ref>
}}
 
'''Garakan Taliban''', rancak jua disambat lawan ngaran '''Taliban''' wara atawa '''Taleban''' ([[Basa Persia Apganistan|basa Persia]] wan [[Basa Pashtun|Pashtun]] طالبان;<ref>{{Cite web|date=2013-06-23|title=طالب کی است و چه می‌خواهد؟|url=https://8am.af/who-is-talib-wants/|website=هشت صبح|language=fa-IR|access-date=2021-08-21}}</ref> matan bantuk jamak [[bahasa Arab]]: طالب ṭālib, "murid"), bubuhan anggutanya manyambat urganisasinya sacara rasmi sawagai '''[[Keamiran Islam Apganistan]]''',<ref>{{cite web|author = Directorate of Intelligence|title = CIA – The World Factbook – Afghanistan| format= mirror|year= 2001|url = http://www.umsl.edu/services/govdocs/wofact2001/geos/af.html#Govt|access-date = 7 March 2008|quote = note – the self-proclaimed Taliban government refers to the country as Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan}}</ref> adalah garakan nasionalis [[Islam]] [[Deobandi]] pandukung [[Pashtun]] nang sacara efektif manguasai parak sabarataan dairah [[Apganistan]] matan [[1996]] sampai [[2001]] imbah ngitu bakuasa pulang di Apganistan pas 2021. Wayah ngini, Taliban adalah sabuting matan dua kubu pulitik nang sama-sama barabut sawagai pamarintah nang sah matan Apganistan, lain pada bubuhan Republik. Sapalihan nagara wan urganisasi internasional mancap garakan ngini sawagai urganisasi tiruris.<ref>{{Cite web|last=|first=|date=|title=Currently listed entities|url=https://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/cnt/ntnl-scrt/cntr-trrrsm/lstd-ntts/crrnt-lstd-ntts-en.aspx|website=Public Safety Canada|access-date=20 Agustus 2021}}</ref>
 
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